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Application of Anti-Embolism Stockings

‘Embolism’ is the term used for blockage in the artery by the air bubble or a blood clot. Patients who have been through a surgery must wear anti-embolism stockings to ensure that their venous and lymphatic systems work properly and to prevent the risk of diseases like venous thromboembolism (VTE) which may lead to death.

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Stepwise Procedure for the Correct Application of Anti-Embolism Stockings

  • Wear gloves before making patient wear stockings.
  • The stockings are made up of elastic and may have latex / rubber, so ensure that the patient is not allergic to rubber / latex.
  • The stockings must fit the patient properly.
  • Talcum powder must be applied to patients before making them wear stockings.
  • The healthcare provider must make the patient lie down on the back to make them wear the stockings.
  • Place the stockings on the foot, and roll it upwards towards the knee.
  • Make sure that the stockings are wrinkle free, to avoid discomfort to the patient.
  • Dispose of your gloves properly after you have made patient wear stockings.
  • Wash your hands using soap or liquid cleanser and lukewarm water.

Points to Remember

  • It is important to check the patient’s feet for any infections from time to time.
  • The stockings must be of correct size and must fit the patient properly.
  • While making them wear stockings, the stocking must be pulled wrinkle free.
  • After stockings on, if patient feels sensation less or tingling in some part of the leg, then this problem must be reported to nurse immediately and stockings must be removed.
  • To regulate the blood circulation, stockings must be removed every 8 hours, after consulting the doctor.

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Expert’s Corner

Here are a few tips from experts regarding the proper application of anti-embolism stockings:

  • The stockings must be of correct size and must fit the patient properly.
  • Check patient’s blood circulation before application of anti-embolism stockings.
  • Never put too much pressure on patient’s leg or never pull the stockings too hard.
  • The stocking must be pulled wrinkle free.
  • If you are not able to master this skill at once, buy yourself a pair of stockings and practice at your home with friends and relatives.