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Application of Anti-Embolism Stockings

‘Embolism’ is the term used for blockage in the artery by the air bubble or a blood clot. Patients who have been through a surgery must wear anti-embolism stockings to ensure that their venous and lymphatic systems work properly and to prevent the risk of diseases like venous thromboembolism (VTE) which may lead to death.

Stepwise Procedure for the Correct Application of Anti-Embolism Stockings

  • Wear gloves before making patient wear stockings.
  • The stockings are made up of elastic and may have latex / rubber, so ensure that the patient is not allergic to rubber / latex.
  • The stockings must fit the patient properly.
  • Talcum powder must be applied to patients before making them wear stockings.
  • The healthcare provider must make the patient lie down on the back to make them wear the stockings.
  • Place the stockings on the foot, and roll it upwards towards the knee.
  • Make sure that the stockings are wrinkle free, to avoid discomfort to the patient.
  • Dispose of your gloves properly after you have made patient wear stockings.
  • Wash your hands using soap or liquid cleanser and lukewarm water.

Points to Remember

  • It is important to check the patient’s feet for any infections from time to time.
  • The stockings must be of correct size and must fit the patient properly.
  • While making them wear stockings, the stocking must be pulled wrinkle free.
  • After stockings on, if patient feels sensation less or tingling in some part of the leg, then this problem must be reported to nurse immediately and stockings must be removed.
  • To regulate the blood circulation, stockings must be removed every 8 hours, after consulting the doctor.

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Expert’s Corner

Here are a few tips from experts regarding the proper application of anti-embolism stockings:

  • The stockings must be of correct size and must fit the patient properly.
  • Check patient’s blood circulation before application of anti-embolism stockings.
  • Never put too much pressure on patient’s leg or never pull the stockings too hard.
  • The stocking must be pulled wrinkle free.
  • If you are not able to master this skill at once, buy yourself a pair of stockings and practice at your home with friends and relatives.